Hate crimes are motivated by racial, sexual or other prejudices.
They can include acts of violence, threatening behaviour and harassment.
The Crown Prosecution Service's definition of a hate crime is an offence motivated by prejudice related to the following.
Hate crimes can also be recorded on the basis of age discrimination and alternative sub-culture, such as against Goths, Emos, Punks and other groups.
Hate crimes take many forms which include: